superior vena cava syndrome

Intracranial hemorrhage due to intracranial hypertension caused by the superior vena cava syndrome

Authors: Bartek J Jr, Abedi-Valugerdi G, Liska J, Nyström H, Andresen M, Mathiesen T.

We report a patient with intracranial hemorrhage secondary to venous hypertension as a result of a giant aortic pseudoaneurysm that compressed the superior vena cava and caused obstruction of the venous return from the brain. To our knowledge, this is the first patient reported to have an intracranial hemorrhage secondary to a superior vena cava syndrome. The condition appears to be caused by a reversible transient rise in intracranial pressure, as a result of compression of the venous return from the brain. Treatment consisted of surgery for the aortic pseudoaneurysm, which led to normalization of the intracranial pressure and resorption of the intracranial hemorrhage.

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